Confederate Battle Flag Comes In Waves History That

Confederate Battle Flag Comes In Waves History That

This essay is long and tedious. Enjoy! Barack Obama handed the Confederate battle flag to Clementa Pinkney at her funeral last week. Many believe it is the final, if not delayed, sentence in public life. He said he believes it belongs in a museum.

The battleflag’s history is more complicated and contested that Obama’s resolve. Or the substantially united voices of the media may suggest. While the president’s condemnation mirrors the public mood, attitudes towards the flag are deeper.

The Battleflag’s First Life

Obama was conscious of his connection to a seven-decade-old history of African American public agitation against Confederate flag.

The African-American perception of the flag in 1954 as a symbol of desegregation. Became a self-fulfilling prophecy after Brown v Board of Education.

The popularity of the battle flag in 1950s Confederate America may have also contribute. To the decision to use it as a rallying point. It was first used in a variety of contexts, from sporting fans to electoral campaigns. It is not as simple as you might think.

Although it is commonly call the Confederate Flag but it was never an official Confederate flag. The Confederate regime changed its flag design three more times in four years. Designs that are not well-known to the public today are the Confederate Flag.

The flag is not the best format for military use. The regulations require that the flag be square in different sizes to suit different branches of military service. It was the St Andrews cross in blue and red.

After the war, rectangular flags became more common. They were use in the Confederate navy and armies west the Mississippi, but not in their original form. Confederate motif flag manufacturers in industrial settings decide to make the flags standardise with all their other products, creating a rare relic that was not part of wartime experience.

The battle flag has not cause the same extreme language to be use by actual Confederate flags even though they are officially associate with a regime that enshrined Chattel slavery. They don’t appear to cause what Washington and Lee University law students called psychological chains in their 2014 petition to remove battle flags from Robert E Lee’s tomb.

The Rise Of Battle Flag

The battleflag was almost invisible until the 1940s. Veterans and organizations such as the United Daughters of the Confederacy kept it from being used for memorial ceremonies and honoring fallen soldiers.

It is closely connected to the issues of mourning family members and former comrades. However, it rarely leaked out into explicitly racist/racial contexts. There are many images that show the Ku Klux Klan using stars and stripes in the interwar heydays to invoke imagery of totalitarian regimes, including the iconic images of a massed protest in Washington DC in 1925.

In the post-second-world-war boomtime the flag became a popular cultural fad. In an age when travel by car or air was more affordable than ever before, the flag became a popular symbol on souvenirs for tourists. New forms of consumption and desire for the flag were a result. This was in direct contrast to the American Civil War (1861-1865).

It was in this period that the many Confederate battleflag-themed clothing, including swimwear, started to appear. These items are still available for purchase.

The second world war saw an increase in unofficial, spontaneous awareness of the battleflag by the US military. This continued into the Korean War. The flag was associated with the far north and the south of the country, as well as with a certain good-humoured and rough resilience that Australians began to call “larrikinesque” during the same period.

After Vietnam, The Battle flag

Individual military personnel continued to deploy the battleflag in Vietnam War, even though African-American soldiers frequently protested against Confederate symbols or rituals. Officials from the army tried to limit these unofficial displays of battleflag because they created tensions and divisions within racially-mixed facilities.

As civilian enthusiasm for the battleflag shifted from military to civilian life, the association of the battleflag and working-class masculinity, sports enthusiasts, car racing and elaborately customised vehicles, professional truck drivers, country and western music, and car racing began in the 1950s/60s.

Confederate heritage groups expressed concern about insults to flag due to working class appropriations. These ideas were consolidated by the Dukes of Hazzard television series, which was dedicated to the antics and adventures of the Duke family of Georgia.

Antarctica To Deploy A Telescope At Ridge

Antarctica To Deploy A Telescope At Ridge

Professor Michael Ashley is currently in Antarctica, to deploy a telescope at Ridge A, approximately 850km from South Pole. This is the second instalment of Professor Ashley’s Antarctica Diaries. You can read the previous instalments by following the links at bottom of the article.

Final Inspections Before McMurdo Antarctica

Today is our last chance for us to meet various critical support personnel in McMurdo Station prior to heading to the South Pole. We meet with the fixed-wing coordinator at 9am to discuss the schedule of the Twin Otter flights from Ridge A to the South Pole, what cargo we can transport, and other details.

Our flights will be schedule for the week commencing January 16, 2012. We find that 800 litres Jet-A1 fuel, which we require, has been deliver to a location called AGAP-South. It is located approximately 200km from Ridge A.

We meet at 10am with MacOps the McMurdo communication centre to discuss our communication needs (Iridium Satellite phones, high frequency radio (HF)) and protocols for comms.

Every morning, Ridge A residents must check in with MacOps by Iridium at 8am. They will attempt to contact us if we fail to check in by 8am. If they are unsuccessful within an hour, a full-scale emergency response will be initiate.

US Antarctica Program

While we don’t wish to cause that, it is comforting to know that the US Antarctica Program has a lot of resources behind our project.

There are approximately 200 people currently living in remote locations across the continent. They also have about 30 camps. MacOps keeps photos of each team member on a noticeboard, so that they can identify the person calling in. The highest and remotest camp will be our field camp.

We meet again with Loomy, the mountaineer who is accompanying us on Ridge A, just before lunch to finalize our survival gear and clothing inventory.

We did a 4.6km loop to Gray Dome on the opposite side to McMurdo to Observation Hill. The views were spectacular, as shown in the photo below.

As I crossed one ridge, I saw a familiar, green-and-gold-coloured hut. This was the AASTO, the Automated Astrophysical Site Test Observatory. It was a project that UNSW’s team started in 1997. The AASTO collect data at the South Pole for a while and was originally intended to be transported to Dome A via LC-130.

Bumped By A Day

We discovered that we had been delay from today’s flight towards the Pole. Tomorrow will be our next flight. The three-letter airport code for South Pole skiway is NPX. The fact that the South Pole Station was first established by the US Navy is why the N stands in for Navy. I have been reading Deep Freeze by Dian O. Belanger. It describes how the US established bases in Antarctica in the 1950s to support the International Geophysical Year (1957/58).

Makes you appreciate all the pioneers’ work. It took 14 hours to fly from Christchurch to McMurdo, as opposed to the current five hours. This was the maximum distance at that time. To give crew members some hope of survival in the event of an aircraft having to abandon ship, four ships were placed at 400km intervals.

Campbell and Luke, younger members of my research group, have a special connection to Scott Base nearby. They have visited it several times during our McMurdo stay. Since 1957, there has been a rugby match between these two stations. I’m told that the Americans have never won one.

Despite calling themselves Mount Terror Rugby Club, the Americans can’t match the blood-curdling haka of New Zealand’s Maori players. Later, when I look at the Pegasus runway from the rugby field, I find that there is only one set of goal posts. This could be a reason for the American failure?

Australia Starts To Reopen Whip Hand On Timing


Scott Morrison warned of a potential bumpy road as COVID restrictions are lift in order to reopen economy. He said the process must continue even in the face expected new outbreaks. This environment is complex and uncertain. But we cannot allow our fear that we will go backwards to stop us from moving forwards, he stated, unveiling a plan approved by the national cabinet. However, it would be implement at different rates across different states and territories.

Morrison stated that he was oppose to restrictions being impose once unwinding has begun. In July, the goal is to have a Covid safe economy. Treasury estimates that 851,000 jobs will be restore over the next few months. The roadmap has three steps that establish baselines for activities to restart. The first stage will allow up to five guests to their home, and up to 10 outside. Reopening small restaurants or cafes is possible, but only with a maximum of 10 customers.

Playgrounds, libraries, and community centres can open. outdoor boot camps may resume and auctions are permit. Recreational travel will be permit to both local and regional locations. Morrison describes the work from home advice as if it works for your employer and you, which Morrison described in a difference in emphasis to the earlier encouragement for people to work remotely.

Allows Outside Gatherings Reopen

Funerals can hold up to 30 people outdoors, 20 indoors, or 10 for weddings. Step two allows outside gatherings of up to 20 people and indoor gatherings of up to 20 persons in newly opened indoor gyms, beauty salons and theatres as well as amusement parks, galleries, museums and cinemas. Restaurants and cafes can accommodate up to 20 people simultaneously. In certain circumstances, states and territories may allow greater numbers.

Depending on the jurisdiction, interstate recreational travel might be possible. The third stage allows for gatherings of up to 100 people and people return to their jobs. Cafes, restaurants, and food courts will be able cater to up to 100 persons. Saunas and bathhouses will also be allow. Interstate travel is allow. At this stage, consideration will given opening bars. The remaining bars and brothels will remain closed.

This stage of travel would include travel arrangements for international students, Pacific Island travel, and between Australia and New Zealand. Morrison state that the speed at which restrictions are lifted is up to the states or territories. They will be responsible for setting their own schedules and communicating it to residents and citizens in their states and territories. He said that chief ministers and premiers also asked him to emphasize the fact that there shouldn’t be any expectation of Step One starting on Day 1.

Three Criteria Reopen

He said that it would take some preparation to move forward with these steps. Three criteria would determine movement from one step to another. Medical evidence suggests further easing won’t be an undue threat. Widespread testing was identifying communities as carriers and public health actions were able trace and trap local outbreaks. Morrison stated, Testing and tracing, trapping, as they were speaking in the Northern Territory recently.

The progress of the national cabinet will be reviewed every three weeks. Morrison answered without hesitation when asked if states, territories, and Australians should keep their cool during new outbreaks. He also stated that if there were a widespread epidemic, the government would follow the health advice. Morrison stated that Australia’s health system, testing and tracing systems put it in a strong position.

This plan to lift restrictions says We walk before we reopen run. We are aware that we must be cautious to protect our gains. However, if we want to reclaim the ground lost, we can’t be too timid. There will be dangers. There will be problems. He said that there would be many challenges. It is not always easy. There will be inconsistencies. States can and should move at their own pace and adapt the plan to their specific circumstances. Undoubtedly, there will be human error. Nobody is perfect. Everybody is trying their best

Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews

The Victorian premier Daniel Andrews has been the most conservative among the premiers and he said that he wouldn’t make any announcements until next week. He suggested that he might open schools, which in Victoria offer distance learning to all students. The federal government has been angered by Victoria’s strict stance on schools. Morrison has advocated for safe school openings, which is the national health advice.

The NSW government will not act until next week. Premier Gladys Berejiklian noted that the state had already taken steps to lift restrictions. The following is the state breakdown of the Treasury Forecast for Jobs Restored in the Next Months. NSW 280,000. Victoria 216,000. Queensland 174,000. South Australia 55,000, Western Australia 85,000, Tasmania 18,000, Northern Territory 9000, ACT 14.